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Sericulture

The climate and general environment of Assam is well suited to sericulture. Traditional varieties of silk cultured include eri, muga and mulberry. The muga silk, known for its fine sheen and golden colour is used by the local silk weaving industry and this has contributed to the development of the muga culture in the State. There are vast opportunities in silk processing and spinning units.

Assam is traditionally famous for its cottage industry, especially spinning and weaving. Pat or pure silk production is essentially confined to Assam. Assam produces about 10% of total natural silk of India, in addition to Muga, the golden silk. The state is also the main producer of Eri or Endi. Weaving is a traditional industry which can be traced back to the very ancient times. There are about 7,00,000 looms in Assam, but only some powered looms of Sualkuchi are used for commercial production of silk cloth.

Silk

Assam accounts for the highest production of Non-Mulberry Silk, Muga and Eri - for which it is well known/famed.

The state contributes 99% and 63% of the total muga and eri raw silk production in the country. There are approximately 1.9 lakhs families engaged in Sericulture.


Site Last Updated on : January 22, 2017