Image 01

Gracious Assam
Overview of the State
Assam - the Investment Climate
The Place & People
Places to See
Socio Economic Profile
State Indices
Traveler's Tips and Resources
How to Reach and where to Stay

The name of this state-Assam-itself has many splendoured origins.

The Mythological Explanation

In ancient times, Assam's name was Kamarupa. It is said that the God of love Kama, once tried to tempt the all-powerful Lord Shiva. But, while meditating, Lord Shiva opened his third eye that spewed a flame hot enough to destroy Kama. Later, Lord Shiva, in a compassionate mood, brought back Kama to life. The place where Kama got back his 'rupa' or original form came to be called 'Kamarupa'.

Legend apart, like so much of India, Assam too has an old history dating back to the ancient times. You can find the base of Assam's history in various literatures like Tantric literature, Buddhist literature, Vedic literature and Assamese folklore. Reference of Assam is also found in the epics and the religious legends. According to legends, the earliest ruler of Assam was Mahiranga Danava, who was followed by other rulers namely - Harakasur, Sambasur, Ratnasur and Ghatakasur. Narakasur removed the earlier rulers and established his own dynasty. King Naraka was slain by Lord Krishna of Dwarka and Bhagadatta became his successor.

As per history, from 350 AD to 12th century, Assam was mainly ruled by the Barman Dynasty and several other dynasties such as the Kacharis, the Chutias etc. During the rule of the famous Barman king, Bhaskarbarman (600 AD-650 AD), the Chinese traveller Hueng Tsang visited Assam and recorded his trips. The Ahoms ventured into Assam in around 1228 AD and ruled till 1826 AD. Another noted dynasty that ruled Assam during that period was the Koch dynasty. The Koches came to the region in 1510 AD.

Towards the latter part of the 18th century, the Ahom kingdom weakened due to internal conflicts. Later in 1821, the Burmese invaded Assam and installed a puppet king. Due to this Burmese intervention, the first Anglo-Burmese War broke out. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826 and the East India Company occupied the region. During the period 1905-12, Assam was separated along with some parts of Bengal and separate provinces of Eastern Bengal and Assam were established. At the time of India's independence in 1947, Assam consisted of the original Ahom kingdom and the present-day Arunachal Pradesh. The State was reorganised with the formation of separate States viz. Nagaland in the year 1963, Meghalaya in the 1972, Mizoram in the year 1987 and Arunachal Pradesh in the year 1987.

Site Last Updated on : January 22, 2017